The arrest of Shelter Now workers in Afghanistan for ‘proselytising’ in August 2001 led to intense media interest in the way Christian aid and development organisations work in a country without religious freedom. The ensuing coverage was generally critical of Christian organisations and saw them as guilty, at worst, of using people’s vulnerability in order to entice them to change their religion or, at best, of hiding their true intentions from the authorities. This paper seeks to give guidance with reference to this issue for Micah Network members.