CASE STUDY 5 – THE GAINS OF DECENTRALISATION IN PAMPA BAY
Pampa Bay became independent in 1950. In spite of its wealth of human, material and natural resources, after 15 years of parliamentary democracy fraught with poor leadership, economic mismanagement and ethnic conflict the men in uniform staged a coup and took over power.
After about 25 years of military rule also laden with several challenges of bad leadership, ethnicity, corruption and lack of respect for human rights, Pampa returned to democratic rule in 1990. To accelerate integration, growth and development – and in particular to increase citizens sense of belonging and ownership of government policies and programmes – the government developed a Poverty Reduction Strategy. It also embarked on a process of devolving decision-making power and fiscal resources to newly established local governments. This, the government believed, will bring the government nearer to the people and it will also give the people in the cities and grassroots a greater opportunity to hold leaders accountable.